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    The conquest of southern Italy by the Normans.


    The normans, from simple mercenaries to lords of southern Italy.

    The normans, who arrived in southern Italy in the 11th century, in a few decades went from being mere mercenary warriors to one of the most important and enlightened kingdoms in the history of medieval Italy.

    Originally from the scandinavian lands, although coming from Normandy, the “men of the north” could fit well on what was the political chessboard of the time. Having fought alongside the byzantines had made them aware of the fragility of the various states for which they had fought. Furthermore, the wealth of the southern lands had exerted a strong fascination on the conquerors of the north, so much so as to push them to conquer an ever-increasing number of territories. In less than a century they conquered the lombard territories and the coastal duchies.

    The most ilustrious norman prince was Rogelio II, who unified the conquests of his uncle Roberto and those of his father, Rogelio I, managing to obtain from Pope Inocencio III the title of King of Sicily in the year 1139. Therefore emerged a kingdom of the south of Italy that was destined to prolong its existence until 1860, exercising a role of great importance in national and european history.