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    Ancient greek colony

    Magna Grecia

    Magna Grecia is the name given in Classical Antiquity (specifically, from the 8th century BC) to the territory occupied by Greek settlers in the southern area of the Italian peninsula.

    In the cities of Magna Grecia, commerce, agriculture and crafts developed immediately. From the beginning, trade was an excellent channel of exchange with the Greeks of the metropolis who imported things like wheat and manufactured products, through literary works, marble, etc. The colonists also came into contact with the Carthaginians, although they turned out to be fearsome enemies.

    Art, literature and philosophy from the motherland Greece decisively influenced the life of the colony. So much so, that in Magna Grecia a great of importance was given to culture. So much that the colony reached a level of engineering, education and culture equal to the homeland. The hellenic settlers having subdued the indigenous people, established libraries and study centers to train the most skilled philosophers, writers, mathematicians and physicians.

    Crotone was one of the colonies of Magna Grecia. It was founded by the achaeans between 740 BC and 718 BC, in the first period of thr first messinian war, in a place between the mouth of the Esaro river and the Lacinio promontory. In this place the temple of Hera Lacinia was raised, which was used as a sanctuary, bank, information desk and refreshment and rest center for sailors. The achaeans, founders of the city, were attracted by a charming place and by the certainty of being able to find good luck there.

    Therefore, Crotone became a Polis, perfectly organized following the order and tradition of the hellenic institutions. Its territory also included a cape, which formed a double port and was the only refuge for ships traveling from Taranto to Reggio and vice versa. The city in the 6th century was already known for its healthy climate, for the fertility of its land, the beauty of its women and the exceptionality of its doctors (among them Democedes, who became the personal physician of the persian emperor Darius), as well as the strength of its athletes (among which stands out Milón, several times winner in the Olympic Games).

    The arrival of Pythagoras benefited the prosperity of Crotone’s althletics, since the doctrine of the great philosopher gave special relevance to the health of the body. In Crotone, Pythagoras founded the Pythagorean School through which he instructed young people in music, philosophy and, of course, mathematics.